OFFICIAL SCOTTISH ATHLETIC RULES

These rules are supplied by the North American Scottish Games Association. The North American Scottish Games Association is dedicated to the promotion and understanding of Scottish Heavy Events competition In the United States and Canada, and to inform athletes, athletic judges, games officials mid interested spectators of news and results of Scottish Samos held throughout North America. NAGSA was founded in 1976

PUTING THE STONE: Standard weights, 16lbs. and 22lbs. The Implement shall be of stone and shall be spherical. The stone shall be put from In front of the shoulder with one hand only and shall be delivered from behind a wooden trig 5 1/2" to 6' high and 4'6" long. The run shall not exceed 7'6". Each competitor shall be allowed three puts-the best of three to count. Each put shall be measured from a point on the side of the trig nearest to the competitor when he takes his stance, nearest to where the put Is made to the nearest break In the ground. The touching of any pail of the trig except the vertical face nearest the competitor when he takes his stance or the ground beyond the trig or the horizontal extension of the line of the face of the trig nearest the competitor when he takes his stance by any part of the competitor's body shall be a foul and counts as a throw-whether the stone has been delivered or not. Where the ground records are claimed It Is essential that the same stone Is used from year to year on the same grounds.

An optional method of puting the stone known as the Braernar style may be specified by the Games Committee. In this standing put no run Is allowed.

Boundary lines are neither necessary nor desirable except on uneven ground.

THROWING THE WEIGHT. Standard weights (Gross) 28lbs. and 56lbs. The weight shall be metal and consist of a spherical or box weight with chain and ring attached, the total weight being 28 (or 56)lbs. The Implement shall not measure more than 180 overall.

The weight shall be delivered with one hand from behind a wooden trig 5 1/2" to 6" high and 4'6" long. The run shall not exceed 9'. Each competitor shall be allowed three throws-the best of three to count. Each throw shall be measured from a point on the side of the trig closest to the competitor when he takes his stance, nearest to which his throwing or plant toot was placed (left foot for a right handed thrower) to the nearest break In the ground made by the weight (not the handle). The touching of any part of the trig except the vertical face nearest the competitor when he takes his stance or the ground beyond the trig or the horizontal extension of the line of the face of the trig nearest the competitor when he takes his stance by any part of the competItor's body shall be a foul and counts as a throw-whether the weight was delivered or not.

Boundary lines are neither necessary nor desirable except on uneven ground.

TOSSING THE SHEAF: A 20lb. burlap bag of hay or straw Is thrown over a crossbar for height. Each competitor Is allowed three throws at each height. The throw Is made In any manner desired, using a pitch fork with a 5" nominal handle. The competitor may commence at any height he desires. All measurements shall be made from the ground to the top of the bar at a point midway between the uprights. Starting height Is as agreed upon by the judge and the competitors, with the judge having the final decision In the case of disagreement, The bar Is raised In at least I foot Increments until five or less competitors remain and Is then raised by the lesser amount requested by the competitors and agreed to by the judge. The cross bar In this event should be suspended by ropes over pulleys In the top of the uprights.

THROWING THE HAMMER: Standard weights (gross) 16lbs. and 22lbs. The hammer head shall be spherical and of metal, and the shaft shall be of wood, cane or plastic. The overall length of the hammer and handle shall be 42". The hammer shall be thrown standing style and shall be delivered from behind a straight wooden trig 5 1/2" to 6" high and 4'6" long. Each competitor shall be allowed three throws-the best of three to count. Each throw shall be measured from a point on the side of the trig nearest to the competitor when he takes his stance, at the center of his stance to the nearest break In the ground by the hammer, not the handle. The touching of any part of the trig except the vertical face nearest the competitor when he takes his stance or the ground beyond the trig or the horizontal extension of the line of the face of the trig nearest the competitor when he takes his stance, by any part of the competitor's body, shall be a foul-whether the hammer has been delivered or not. Touching the ground or trig In the foul area by the hammer while still In possession of the competitor once he has commenced his wind up shall also constitute a foul. Where ground records are kept it Is essential that the same hammer be used from year to year on the same grounds.

Boundary lines are neither necessary nor desirable except on uneven ground or for spectator safety.

TOSSING THE CABER: There Is no standard size or weight of caber, but the caber should be of a length and weight beyond the powers of all but the best athletes to turn. No trig or stance should be used, each competitor taking any length of run he wishes and tossing from where he chooses. Where the ground Is uneven a mark should be made from near which, and not beyond which, the toss must be made. On no account should a fixed trig or stance be used. Each competitor shall be allowed three attempts-the best of three to count. An attempt shall commence when the caber has been set up, and If the competitor allows the caber to fall, this shall count as one of his attempts. Dropping the small end of the cabor back to the ground after having picked It up constitutes an attempt under the above and counts as one of his attempts. A side judge should be used to judge the highest angle In degrees reached by an unsuccessful attempt. In the event of ties the places shall be determined by the next best toss. If this does not produce a first place winner and all tied athletes agree, one additional sudden death attempt by each tied competitor shall be made. If a winner Is not determined In this manner the event will be declared a tie with the points split among those tied. Ties for place other than for first not broken by the next best throw shall be declared a tie with the points split among those tied. In the event the cabor Is broken during competition and no substitute caber Is available, the winner of the round or rounds completed may be declared the winner of the event. If a spare caber of approximately equal size and difficulty Is available all three rounds of competition should be repeated. If the judge deems the substitute caber Inferior he may use the completed round or rounds with the broken caber In conjunction with additional round or rounds with the substitute caber to complete the competition. Where a qualifying caber Is used any successful turn qualifies the competitor for the event. Turns with the qualifying caber are not scored and cannot be used to determine a winner of the event.

TOSSING THE 56LB. WEIGHT FOR HEIGHT: The weight shall be metal and consist of a spherical or box weight with ring triangle, or D handle attached, the gross weight being 56lbs. Each competitor Is allowed three attempts at each height. The toss Is made, with one hand only, over a bar similiar to a pole vault bar. The competitor may commence at any height he desires. All measurements shall be made from the ground to the top of the bar at a point midway between the uprights, World record attempts must use the box weights. A light weight cross bar for safety set on 3" straight pins Is most desirable. Center sag makes plastic pipe unsuitable for use as a cross bar. The weight may touch the bar, but counts only If the crossbar remains on the pins. Sheaf toss standards with the crossbar suspended by rope are not suitable for this event. Starting height Is as agreed upon by the judge and the athletes with the judge having the final decision in case of disagreement. The bar Is raised In one foot Increments until five or less competitors remain, and It Is then raised by the lesser amount requested by the competitors and agreed to by the judge.

*CUMBERLAND STYLE WRESTLING RULES: On take hold the wrestlers stand chest to chest, each placing his chin on the opponent's right shoulder, grasping him around the body, each placing his left arm above the right of his opponent and clasping his hands behind his opponent's back. Three minutes shall be allowed In which to take hold. The wrestler refusing to take hold shall be disqualified. When both men have got hold and on their guard the referee shall give the signal to commence (usually a whistle) and the wrestlers attempt by every legitimate means to throw each other. No punishing holds are allowed. Tripping permissible but not kicking. Striking with the side of the foot Is considered kicking. No shoes with spikes shall be allowed.

The hand clasp Is the hooking of the fingers of one hand into the fingers of the other, like opposing "J's", not Intertwined or wristlocked.

A fall occurs when either wrestler breaks his hand clasp or touches the ground with any part of his body other than the bottoms of his feet. The match Is determined by the best two out of three falls.

Hands slipping over an opponent's head without the clasp being broken Is not a fall and the match Is restarted.

If the referee can not determine which wrestler touches the ground first, as in the case of falling side by side, It Is declared a dog fall and the match restarted.

In the event a wrestler carries his opponent down backward or sideways the fact that the wrestler Initiating the fall has his arm under the falling opponent and the opponent falls on top of his arm does not mean the wrestler on the bottom wins.

*TUG-OF-WAR:

A) Team will consist of eight men and one coach.

B) No raised heals, spikes or crampons will be allowed on boots or shoes.

C) Only the anchor man may 'heel in'

D) No hand over hand pulling Is permitted and every member of the team must go back with the rope when pulling. E) Every team member Is to remain on his feet. In case of persistent sifting a warning will be given by the judge. Further Infringement will Incur disqualification.

F) Length of the pull Is 12 feet.

G) No loop, noose, knot or attachment of the rope Is allowed.

H) Judges will toss coin to determine direction of first pull. Teams will alternate direction of pull after each pull.

1) Winner of best two out of three pulls Is winner.

J) Judges' decision Is final.

K) Substitution will not be allowed.

L) Competitors may compete in one team only.

M) Only coaches may consult with judges.

GENERAL RULES

1. In the Interest of safety the judge and/or the Games Convenor have the right to disqualify any competitor who In their opinion does not come up to the required standard In any heavy event.

2. All competitors In Open Heavy Events at NASGA Games must appear and compete in kilts.

3. A time limit of two minutes shall be applied to each Individual attempt In all heavy events.

4. In all distance events the places shall be determined by the best throw. In the event of a tie the places shall be determined by the next best throw. In the event the tie Is for first place and the above method does not determine a first place winner and all tied contestants agree, one additional sudden death throw shall be made. If this does not result In a winner or all fled contestants do not agree, to the sudden death throw, the event shall be declared a tie. Ties for places other than first place not broken by the next best throw are to be declared ties. In the event of ties the points for the tied places shall be split among the contestants tied.

5. In the height events the places shall be determined by the best throw. In the event of a tie the places shall be determined by the least misses at that or the next lower height. Ties not broken by this method are to be declared ties with the points for the tied places split among the contestants tied. The athlete may pass any height they choose, but If they attempt a height they must clear that height before going to the next height. When an athlete has missed three attempts at one height, he is eliminated from competition. If an athlete has passed a previous height, this Is not a miss or make and cannot count for or against the athlete.

6. The phrase ".. behind a trig ... " means that the contestant must start and finish his attempt with at least one foot In the area directly behind the 4'6" long trig.

7. In all distance events, Le. stone, weights and hammers, the contestant must remain on his feet following the throw. This does not prevent the placing of one or both hands on the ground to maintain balance, provided he does not foul In doing so.

8. In distance events, after normal competition Is complete, the winner may be given the opportunity to attempt both grounds and national records. He will be given one attempt for the ground record and If successful one further attempt for the national record. If the competitor falls to break the national record, but Improves on the ground record, then that attempt will stand as the games score and as the new grounds record.

9. In all competitions for the sheaf and the weight over the bar, where all competitors have failed except one, that competitor Is entitled to continue until he has forfeited his right to compete further, having had three attempts at each selected height. The height to which the bar Is raised shall be decided after consulting the wishes of that competitor. Any ground or national records must be achieved within that competition.

10. No device which assists a competitor when making a throw shall be allowed; that Is, taping of fingers together, straps, etc. This does not preclude the use of gloves and the taping of Individual fingers for protection or the use of non slip preparations which Improve safety and protect the competitors' hands. Too spikes on hammer throwing shoes are considered to be extensions of sole spikes and are not excluded under this rule.

11. NASGA Rules prohibit the use of controlled substances by participating athletes In NASGA sanctioned Games. Any Illegal drug or substance that enhances the competitiors' mental or physical performance Is banned under this rule. Testing Is the responsibility of the Individual Games.

* SCOTTISH HEAVY ATHLETIC COMPETITION DOES NOT INCLUDE CUMBERLAND STYLE WRESTLING AND TUG-OF-WAR EVENTS.

These rules are supplied by the North American Scottish Games Association. Are North American Scottish Games Association Is dedicated to the promotion and understanding of Scottish Heavy Events competition In the United States and Cando, and to Inform athletes, athletic judges, games officials and Interested spectators of news and results of Scottish Games hold throughout North America. NAGSA was founded In 1976.