Anniversary of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
Have We Fulfilled the Dream?
Powell Says Nation Must Rededicate Itself to Dream of Martin Luther King
Says not all young black men and women today can realize King's dream
Secretary of State Colin Powell says African-Americans in the United States have achieved a lot in the last 40 years since the March on Washington that culminated in Dr. Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech, but the dream "is not yet fulfilled."
Interviewed for an NBC-TV special program commemorating the 40th anniversary of the March on Washington, Powell said "I am here as the Secretary of State, a black man. Other prominent blacks are all over this country. We've achieved a lot in those 40 years.
"But there are still young black men and women who cannot yet touch the reality of that dream, and that's why, 40 years later, we must rededicate ourselves to not only what Dr. King said, but what our founding fathers said when they wrote the Constitution and wrote the Declaration (of Independence.) That's all he's asked for. That's all anyone asks for."
Following is a transcript of Powell's remarks:
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Secretary of State Colin L. Powell On NBC Special Commemorating the 40th Anniversary of the March on Washington, D.C.
August 28, 2003
SECRETARY POWELL: I was not in the United States at the time that Dr. King gave that famous speech. I was in Vietnam. I had been there for eight months. And there was no television, there was no cable, there was no radio, so I wasn't really aware of the speech.
But it meant a lot to me because my wife, at that time, was in Birmingham, Alabama, with our infant son, Michael, and Birmingham was a hotbed of tension and violence, as the people of Birmingham, the leaders of the State of Alabama, were cracking down on Negroes, as we used to be called, who dared to demand their rights and their freedom.
And while I was guarding my nation in Vietnam, my father-in-law was standing guard over my wife and infant son in Birmingham, Alabama.
And so later, when I came home a few months later and realized the impact that that speech had, the impact that it's had for the 40 years since, it just reaffirms in my own mind, in my own heart, the need for us to keep moving toward that dream that Dr. King had.
We've come so far. We've done so much over the last 40 years. But we cannot rest until we achieve the dream that he had in mind, the dreams that he laid out for the nation.
For the first 80 years of our history, or thereabouts, we had a wonderful Constitution, a wonderful Declaration, that had no meaning for people who were black whatsoever; then we had a great Civil War that was supposed to put that all behind us, and then reconstruction came and it ended. Reconstruction was cut off and went back to almost slavery. And then it took another almost hundred years before the work began again, and Dr. King was the leader of that work, and many others who stood alongside of him.
And that speech crystallized everything. What did it do? It put a mirror in the face of America. It said: "Look at yourself. Look at where we are now compared to what the power of the Declaration and the Constitution say. Look at where we are almost a hundred years after the Civil War. Is this where we want to be, America?"
And the answer was no. It was not a speech of hatred. It was a speech of reconciliation. It was a speech of pride in his country. It was a speech that was directed at white people, black people, all God's children, as he said. And we must never forget that that dream is not yet fulfilled. I am here as the Secretary of State, a black man. Other prominent blacks are all over this country. We've achieved a lot in those 40 years.
But there are still young black men and women who cannot yet touch the reality of that dream, and that's why, 40 years later, we must rededicate ourselves to not only what Dr. King said, what our founding fathers said when they wrote the Constitution and wrote the Declaration. That's all he's asked for. That's all anyone asks for.
(Distributed by the Bureau of International Information Programs, U.S. Department of State. Web site: http://usinfo.state.gov)
The Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. acknowledges the crowd from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial during his "I Have a Dream" speech.